Ocular Surface Treatment

What is Ocular Surface Disease?

It is comprised of a large variety of different eye diseases that affect the outer surface of the eye and eyelids. The vast majority of ocular surface disease is caused by three diseases, they may occur individually or in combination. Those diseases are Dry Eye Syndrome, Ocular Allergies, Blepharitis, and Meibomian Gland Disease.

Symptoms of Ocular Surface Disease

  • Redness
  • Irritation
  • Sandiness
  • Foreign Body Sensation
  • Burning
  • Watering
  • Itching
  • Blurred vision
  • Dryness
  • Eyelids stuck together in morning
  • Mucous
  • Crusting on eyelashes

As you can see there are a lot of symptoms associated with ocular surface diseases.

Ocular Allergies

Ocular Allergies are caused by people who are sensitive and react to a variety of things in the environment.  Ocular allergies are secondary to things that are airborne and come in contact with the eyes.  It is important to be tested for ocular allergies so that the proper treatment can be initiated.  Many eye doctors are not testing for ocular allergies in their offices.  There are approximately 25 million Americans suffering from ocular allergies.

Meibomian Gland Dysfunction or Disease

There is a row of Meibomian glands in each eyelid. These glands secrete the oily lipid layer of the tear film. Meibomianitis can be caused by chronic inflammation or infection in the glands. The eyelids are swollen, red, and may be sensitive to touch. These people also have increased recurrences of styes or chalazions.


Blepharitis is the infection and/or inflammation located on the area of the eyelashes or the eyelids. The blepharitis can be secondary to Staphylococcus bacteria already around the base of the eyelids. Seborrheic skin diseases can cause blepharitis. Demodex mites can live in the eyelash follicle and cause inflammation.

Dry Eye Syndrome

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The Cataract & Refractive
Institute of Florida

James E. Croley III, M.D.

Office Hours

  • Monday

    7:30am – 4:00pm
    Dr. Croley sees patients at 7:30am in Cape Coral.

  • Tuesday

    8:00am – 4:00pm
    Dr. Croley performs surgeries on this day.

  • Wednesday

    7:30am – 4:00pm
    Dr. Croley sees patients at 7:30am in Cape Coral.

  • Thursday

    8:00am – 3:30pm
    Dr. Croley sees patients at 8:30am in Lehigh.

  • Friday

    8:00am – 3:30pm
    Dr. Croley alternates also in Bonita & Cape Coral.

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